A Level Critical Thinking Personal Essay For Scholarships
Non Sequitur Latin for "it does not follow." An inference or a conclusion that does not follow from the premises,evidence or reasoning given prior.
Ad Hominem Latin meaning "against the man." In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas.
Deductive reasoning: There the conclusion is guaranteed to follow from the reasons.
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·Interview context – People respond differently to different interviewers.
·Linguistic context – Language can affect the type of answers people give. Neutrality – How impartial a source of information is (biased or not). Vested Interest – When a person or organisation have something to gain from supporting a point of view. Expertise – Where the writer of information has specialist subject knowledge in a particular area. Reputation – The regard in which a person of organisation is held in, based on their track record and their status. Observation – A report from someone who directly perceived (heard, saw, felt) an event – an eyewitness account. Circumstantial evidence - Physical evidence supporting the conclusion. Corroboration – Where more than one source of evidence supports the same conclusion. Selectivity – A measure of how representative information is compared with all of the information available. Context – The situation in which information is collected.