An Essay On Christianity And Islam Comparisons Smu Mba Assignment
Christian practice may be divided into two categories: 1) those practices requiring the intervention of a priest and 2) individual practices, or those not requiring the intervention of a priest.The former are called sacraments in Western Christianity and mysteries in Eastern Christianity.Historically speaking, medieval Islam had a strong influence on Christianity, notably in the radical reform which produced the freer forms of Christianity such as Baptists and Pentecostals, who also minimize the sacramental character of baptism and the Lord’s supper.The sacraments or mysteries number seven: these are baptism, confirmation, the Eucharist, confession, marriage, ordination, and unction.Finally, the formula was sometimes doubted, and the name of Jesus substituted for the trinitarian phrase.One or more of these variants are still dominant in the modern denominations coming out of the radical reformation, such as Baptists, Mennonites, Pentecostals, Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and Mormons.Although ordination continued and baptism was still performed by an ordained person, the idea of priestly authority was dismissed.The form of baptism attempted to conform to earlier Judeo-Christian practices, specifically in requiring immersion.
Thus adults only, who were of an age to bear witness to faith, were baptized.
Truly those who believe in what is revealed to you, and those who are Jews, and the Christians, and the Sabeans: whoever (of them) believe in God, and the Last Day, and do good works, for them there is their reward with their Lord, and there shall be no fear for them nor shall they grieve. The purpose of this essay is to describe the similarities and differences between Christian and Islamic practice.
This is useful in understanding what others consider of importance in religious life, and thus how to achieve fruitful dialogue.
There has been controversy on the issue of giving both elements or only one to the congregant.
Again under the indirect influence of Islam on the radical reformation, some of the modern denominations issuing from it today reject the use of alcoholic wine, and replace it with non-alcoholic grape juice or even water.