Apa Research Paper Quoting
If material is paraphrased (i.e., restated in your own words), always provide the author and date in the in-text citation.
It is not necessary to include the page number(s) in the citation, but it may be helpful, especially if the source is very long (e.g., a short passage from a whole book).
Each of these examples properly cites the direct quotation, but I've varied the placement of the citation information.
By changing the order of information in the sentence, I can choose what information to emphasize.
Basic guidelines for in-text citation: Gardner (1999) writes, "Whereas Socrates saw man as the rational animal and Freud stressed the irrationality of human beings, I (with due tentativeness) have described human beings as those organisms who possess a basic set of seven, eight, or a dozen intelligences" (p.
The running head is a shortened title (no more than 50 characters, including spaces) that appears on every page.
Material quoted directly from another source (i.e., reproduced word for word from works by other authors, your own previously published work, material replicated from a test item, and/or verbatim instructions to participants) must always provide the author, year, and specific page(s) in the text citation (for sources that don’t have page numbers, see the APA Style Blog post on citing a Kindle listed below) and include a complete entry in the reference list.Each item on the list is punctuated at the end by a comma, semicolon, or period, depending on the grammatical structure of the list.Numbers are followed by periods and are not in parentheses.There is no need to set the header at a specific distance from the top of the page. (2.54 cm) on the top, bottom, left, and right of every page.Use your word-processing software to add a header that will appear at the top of every page that includes the running head and the page number.How do I format quotations from books or articles written in a foreign language?Do I have to present the quotation in both the original language and in translation, or do I present only a translation? You might choose to present both languages if you want to draw attention to how something was said in the foreign language (e.g., if you are conducting a linguistic analysis or a qualitative study), especially if you expect your readers to be multilingual.If the quotation includes fewer than 40 words, incorporate it in text and enclose it with double quotation marks.If the quotation includes more than 40 words, it should be treated as a block quotation, meaning that it is displayed in a freestanding block of text without quotation marks.A good figure is easy to read with elements large enough to be read easily. provides guidelines for writers submitting manuscripts to scholarly journals, it is silent on the topic of tables of contents.Usually questions about tables of contents come from students or teachers who want the information to complete a class assignment.