Art By Century Essay Painter Painting Poet Poet Twentieth

His contacts with those who were crucial to the formation of the new American avant-garde accelerated in 1941, when he was introduced to Lee Krasner, whom he married in 1945.In 1942, she introduced him to de Kooning, her teacher Hans Hofmann, and her friend Harold Rosenberg.

The experience of Wyoming-born Jackson Pollock, who arrived in New York in 1930, although slower to coalesce, was not substantially different.Kline, de Kooning, and Reinhardt were among the initial members, who ultimately included Philip Guston, Elaine de Kooning, and Rosenberg, among others.Not limited to a discussion of painting, the Club also featured presentations by the leading New York poets of the day, such as Frank O'Hara, John Ashbery, and James Schuyler.Pollock became acquainted with Californian-born, Stanford- and Harvard-educated Robert Motherwell through Chilean-born, European-bred Roberto Matta Echaurren (Motherwell and Matta had met on a trip to Mexico in the summer of 1941), while Motherwell, who moved to New York in 1940, met Hofmann and de Kooning through Pollock.Adolph Gottlieb's friendship with Barnett Newman dates to 1922, while that with Mark Rothko began in 1929.The social milieu in which Abstract Expressionism emerged had its roots in the friendships formed in Depression-era New York.The intricate web of relationships that developed as each artist came to town suggests that New York functioned, for those involved in defining avant-garde American art, more like a small town than America's largest city."Rebel Painters of the 1950s" highlights those artists--among them Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Philip Guston, Adolph Gottlieb, Franz Kline, Robert Motherwell, Barnett Newman, Ad Reinhardt, Mark Rothko, and Clyfford Still_who challenged the aesthetic establishment and created the style of painting known today as Abstract Expressionism.In addition to these individuals and other artists in their circle who comprised the first generation of the New York School, "Rebel Painters of the 1950s" also provides portraits of the critics and writers, notably Clement Greenberg, Harold Rosenberg, and Thomas Hess, who articulated the significance of this artistic movement, and the dealers, such as Peggy Guggenheim, Betty Parsons, Charles Egan, Samuel Kootz, and Sidney Janis, who afforded patronage and public access to the work.The most notorious of these was the Cedar Street Tavern on University Place near West Eighth Street.The desire to maintain professional contact, as well as to proselytize, led Motherwell, Rothko, and William Baziotes (together with sculptor David Hare) to establish the Subjects of the Artist school in 1948 at 35 East Eighth Street.

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  1. The first thing to do when you are wondering how long your thesis or dissertation introduction should be is to consult the guidelines or regulations for theses and dissertations provided by your department or university (or other research or educational institution if you are not studying at a university).