Art Collected Essay Psychology Toward
The seminal work was Gestalt Therapy: Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality (1951), that was co-authored by Fritz Perls, Paul Goodman, and Ralph Hefferline.
The writings of Rudolf Arnheim (born 1904) were also particularly influential during this period.
The growth of art psychology between 19 also coincided with the expansion of art history and museum programs.
The popularity of Gestalt psychology in the 1950s added further weight to the discipline.
He is widely known for focusing on the experiences and interpretations of artwork, and how they provide insight into peoples' lives.
He was less concerned with the cultural and social contexts of the experience of creating and viewing artwork.
Erwin Panofsky, who had a tremendous Because of the growing interest in personality theory—especially in connection with the work of Isabel Briggs Myers and Katherine Briggs (developers of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator)—contemporary theorists are investigating the relationship between personality type and art.The psychology of art is related to architectural psychology and environmental psychology.His most important contribution in this respect was his attempt to theorize the question of Einfuehlung or "empathy", a term that was to become a key element in many subsequent theories of art psychology.The writings of Carl Jung, however, had a favorable reception among art psychologists given his optimistic portrayal of the role of art and his belief that the contents of the personal unconscious and, more particularly, the collective unconscious, could be accessed by art and other forms of cultural expression.and architects in phenomenology and the writings of Wittgenstein, Lyotard and Derrida.Manuel Barkan, head of the Arts Education School of Fine and Applied Arts at Ohio State University, and one of the many pedagogues influenced by the writings of Dewey, explains, for example, in his book The Foundations of Art Education (1955), that the aesthetic education of children prepares the child for a life in a complex democracy.Dewey himself played a seminal role in setting up the program of the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, which became famous for its attempt to integrate art into the classroom experience.No matter how compelling the object is, it is up to the beholder to allow the existence of such an experience.In the eyes of Gestalt psychologist Rudolf Arnheim, the aesthetic experience of art stresses the relationship between the whole object and its individual parts.According to Bosanquet (1892), the "aesthetic attitude" is important in viewing art because it allows one to consider an object with ready interest to see what it suggests.However, art does not evoke an aesthetic experience unless the viewer is willing and open to it.