Buddhism Essay Nights In Rodanthe Essay
Then Gautama went to Uruvela near modern Bodhgaya and sat in deep contemplation under a peepal tree. His name was changed from Gautama to Buddha, the Perfectly Enlightened One, at the age of thirty-five.The tree under which he got the light of knowledge became famous as Bodhi tree.Thus in course of time there grew a new religion called Buddhism.Among all the protestant religions, Buddhism became very popular for its mass appeal with its message of compassion, love, self-restraint and non-violence.Rather he developed a contemplative bent of mind and a deep compassionate nature.Observing these peculiar trends in the son’s personality, Suddhodan arranged for his marriage.People from every walk of life became his disciples.His long journey came to an end when he breathed his last under a sal tree at Kusinagar in Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh at the age of eighty in 486 B. His final departure from this mortal world is known as Mahaparinirvana – the Great Salvation – in Buddhist scriptures.
In fact, the Buddhist theory of Karma is like that of the Hindus and it contradicts the philosophy of Jainism which refutes the theory of action.After Mahavir Jina, another spiritual guru who appeared in the religious firmament of India to rectify the extreme dominance of the Brahmanical class was Gautama Buddha.Like his predecessor he too raised his voice against the ritualistic practices and tried to purify and simplify the existing religious system.Those who want to get out of the clutches of suffering and want to achieve the ultimate end of human life, i.e., Nirvana, must follow a path. The philosophy of Buddhism was extremely rationalistic. One’s present stage is determined by his past action.The path advocated by Lord Buddha to reach Nirvana is known as the Aryan Eight-fold path that comprises of eight important ways of life. Otherwise he reaps the consequences of his own actions done in his previous birth.Therefore, at the age of twenty-nine, Gautama left home leaving his wife and son behind to realize and understand the ultimate end of human life. He first became the disciple of two distinguished teachers named Alara Kalama and Uddaka Ramaputta.He learnt several sliastras and philosophy from them.But he did not find the real knowledge he was searching for.Then he led the life of an ascetic and practiced severe penance.One of the specific contributions of Buddhism is its doctrine of an-atta or no-soul.Dualistic Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and even Jainism postulate the existence of a soul behind the changing states of consciousness in every individual.