Critical Thinking And Analysis
It requires problem-solving, creativity, rationalization, and a refusal to accept things at face value.Prominent critical thinking scholars tend to describe it in broad terms, for example, as “a habit of mind,” and a “comprehensive” approach (American Association of Colleges and Universities, 2009).It’s also an over-used and rather nebulous phrase — how do you teach someone to think?Of course that’s the purpose of education, but how do you effectively optimize that concept into lasting knowledge and the ability to apply it broadly? If you are like most, the only honest answers to these questions run along the lines of, “Well, I suppose I really don’t know much about my thinking or about thinking in general. I don’t know how I test it, or even if I do test it. But if you focus your attention for a moment on the role that thinking is playing in your life, you may come to recognize that, in fact, everything you do, or want, or feel is influenced by your thinking. If anyone asked you to teach them what you have learned, thus far in your life, about thinking, would you really have any idea what that was or how you learned it?As a manager, leader, employee, citizen, lover, friend, parent — in every realm and situation of your life — good thinking pays off. One doesn’t become a skillful critic of thinking over night, any more than one becomes a skillful basketball player or musician over night.Poor thinking, in turn, inevitably causes problems, wastes time and energy, engenders frustration and pain. To become better at thinking, you must be willing to put the work into thinking that skilled improvement always requires.
Critical thinking skills are best taught explicitly in the context of course material In a 2008 meta-analysis of 117 studies, Abrami, et al.
These ideas represent just a few of the many ways in which disciplined thinkers actively apply theory of mind to the mind by the mind in order to think better.
In these examples, we focus on the significance of thinking clearly, sticking to the point (thinking with relevance), questioning deeply, and striving to be more reasonable.
Improvement in thinking, in other words, is similar to improvement in other domains of performance where progress is a product of sound theory, commitment, hard work, and practice.
Consider the following key ideas, which, when applied, result in a mind practicing skilled thinking.