Depression Elderly People Research Papers

Some people can mix up depression with just having the blues because of a couple of bad days or even weeks.The cause of depression is still obscure and becoming clear that a number of diverse factors are likely to be implicated, both genetic and environmental.Normally, aging is depicted as a time of reflection, rest and a chance to do things that one was unable to do during his youthful and young adulthood years due to career and family responsibilities.Nevertheless, this is not the case as various studies have shown that old age is associated with losses, including material loss, loss physical energy, loss of roles and responsibilities, loss of family members and friends among others.Depression is not a number, but is the brain’s response to either some powerful event in life or even a physiological response to changes that may be taking place.

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Depression can happen at any age from birth to death.“Depression is the most prevalent functional psychiatric disorder in late life” (Mulsant, 1998, p.186).“Depression is defined as a state of despondency marked by feelings of powerlessness and hopelessness” (Coon, 2001, p.89).For example, aging individuals experience a loss of their financial resources, loss of control over their own lives as a result of loss of physical abilities like hearing, energy and sight among other losses.These feelings of loss leads to negative emotions like loneliness, anxiety, low self-esteem and sadness (Madianos et al.).There are many different changes a single person can go through; consequently, it would be impossible to be prepared for any of the number of changes.“Many changes come with this new time in a person’s life and researchers have found that an accumulation of 200 or more life change units in a single year can cause a significant increase in psychiatric disorders” (Minirth, 1985, p.118).These emotions in turn results in apathy and social withdrawal among the affected individuals leading to high levels of depression.Aging is also associated with emergence of a variety of medical complications, including dementia, arthritis, cancer and hypertension that make the lives of the elderly more miserable.“Some causes are leading stressful lives, genetic factors, a previous depressive episode, and the personality trait neuroticism” (Doris, 1999, p.1369).The National Institute of Mental Health and the Centers for Disease Control (1995) reports depression can appear after a triggering event or for no apparent reason.

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