Essay Prints Gilpin

Both texture and composition were important in a "correctly picturesque" scene.

But Gilpin's works remained popular and several new editions, with additions by John Heaviside Clark, appeared.While there he took as a child pupil the future poet Caroline Anne Bowles.Another pupil was his nephew, the painter William Sawrey Gilpin.Gilpin was born in Cumberland, the son of Captain John Bernard Gilpin, a soldier and amateur artist.From an early age he was an enthusiastic sketcher and collector of prints, but while his brother Sawrey Gilpin became a professional painter, William opted for a career in the church, graduating from Queen's College, Oxford in 1748.Although Gilpin sometimes commented on designed landscapes, for him the picturesque remained essentially a set of rules for depicting nature.It was left to others, most notably Richard Payne Knight, Uvedale Price and Thomas Johnes, to develop Gilpin's ideas into more comprehensive theories of the picturesque and apply these more generally to landscape design and architecture.The composition should work as a unified whole, incorporating several elements: a dark "foreground" with a "front screen" or "side screens", a brighter middle "distance", and at least one further, less distinctly depicted "distance". A low viewpoint, which tended to emphasise the "sublime", was always preferable to a prospect from on high.While Gilpin allowed that nature was good at producing textures and colours, it was rarely capable of creating the perfect composition.(Elizabeth Bennet, in Pride and Prejudice, notably refuses to join Mr.Darcy and the Bingley sisters in a stroll with the teasing observation, "You are charmingly group'd, and...

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