A corporate collapse typically involves the insolvency or bankruptcy of a major business enterprise.
A corporate scandal involves alleged or actual unethical behavior by people acting within or on behalf of a corporation.
It was nationalised by the Batavian Republic in 1796 but nevertheless closed down at the end of 1799.
After Samuel Gurney's retirement, the bank invested heavily in railway stocks.
After a House of Lords judgment in Equitable Life Assurance Society v Hyman, the Society closed.
This huge early publicly listed multinational company founded in 1602 fell victim of declining markets in the late 18th century, internal corruption and excessive distribution of dividends (in excess of its profits), and finally Anglo-Dutch wars.
Garth Howard Drabinsky, co-founder of Livent, was convicted and sentenced to prison for fraud and forgery.
A judgment has been obtained against Deloitte & Touche LLP in respect of Deloitte's negligence in conducting the audit for Livent's 1997 fiscal year.
Many recent corporate collapses and scandals have involved false or inappropriate accounting of some sort (see list at accounting scandals).
The following list of corporations involved major collapses, through the risk of job losses or size of the business, and meant entering into insolvency or bankruptcy, or being nationalised or requiring a non-market loan by a government.