Gender Identity Research Paper

Developments in feminist theory in the second half of the twentieth century further solidified the position that gender is socially constructed.One of the first to use the term “gender” as distinct from sex in the social-science literature was Ann Oakley in her 1972 book, Sex, Gender and Society.“Gender is neither the causal result of sex nor as seemingly fixed as sex,” as she put it.Rather, gender is a constructed status radically independent from biology or bodily traits, “a free floating artifice, with the consequence that man and masculine might just as easily signify a female body as a male one, and woman and feminine a male body as easily as a female one.” This view, that gender and thus gender identity are fluid and plastic, and not necessarily binary, has recently become more prominent in popular culture.This reductio ad absurdum is offered to present the possibility that defining gender too broadly could lead to a definition that has little meaning.

Gender dysphoria — a sense of incongruence between one’s biological sex and one’s gender, accompanied by clinically significant distress or impairment — is sometimes treated in adults by hormones or surgery, but there is little scientific evidence that these therapeutic interventions have psychological benefits.Find research databases and topic suggestions; browse LGBTQ books at Snell Library; find information on coming out, LGBTQ history, and the transgender and nonbinary communities; and locate supportive resources at NU and beyond. Check out the LGBTQA Resource Center at Northeastern to connect with the LGBTQA community.The concept of biological sex is well defined, based on the binary roles that males and females play in reproduction.There is a clear need for more research in these areas.s described in Part One, there is a widely held belief that sexual orientation is a well-defined concept, and that it is innate and fixed in each person — as it is often put, gay people are “born that way.” Another emerging and related view is that gender identity — the subjective, internal sense of being a man or a woman (or some other gender category) — is also fixed at birth or at a very early age and can diverge from a person’s biological sex.As these terms multiply and their meanings become more individualized, we lose any common set of criteria for defining what gender distinctions mean.If gender is entirely detached from the binary of biological sex, gender could come to refer to any distinctions in behavior, biological attributes, or psychological traits, and each person could have a gender defined by the unique combination of characteristics the person possesses.But this would imply that a boy who plays with dolls, hates guns, and refrains from sports or rough-and-tumble play might be considered to be a girl, rather than simply a boy who represents an exception to the typical patterns of male behavior.The ability to recognize exceptions to sex-typical behavior relies on an understanding of maleness and femaleness that is independent of these stereotypical sex-appropriate behaviors.These influence the ways that people act, interact, and feel about themselves.While aspects of biological sex are similar across different cultures, aspects of gender may differ.

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