Goals Essay Criminal Justice
Incarceration rates need to reduce and save over 800 billion dollars every year (Koenig, 2006).
The reforms need to make prisoners more productive while in incarceration to earn the government some hundreds of billions of dollars while serving their sentences.
To what extent should we theorize criminal law and civil law as two quite separate categories of justice responses - or is it more appropriate to think of them as points on a continuum?
This question is critical to any assessment of new developments in civil law and criminal law for settling disputes.
This analysis of access to justice initiatives in civil law and criminal law contexts suggests a need to reassess the continuing validity of distinctions between these categories.The question is too elusive, too complex to unravel.It would require knowledge of too many unknowable facts.The paper will look at criminal justice reform system in the courts, policing, prison system and rehabilitation.The criminal justice should be meaningful making it cost-effective, smarter and fairer.The entire new system flows from the decision to cap the budget. Although he confined his comments to the legal system and the courts in the United Kingdom, and the extent of access to existing legal proceedings, Zander's analysis demonstrates how political goals of limited spending may affect the definition of access to justice goals and their achievement in both courts and other legal contexts. As he suggested, definitions of access to justice in the legal context may have important consequences for social justice as well.Beyond the context of courts and legal proceedings, moreover, Zander's insights about how social and political contexts shape ideas about access to justice are important in assessing current efforts in Canada to envisage justice as "transformative" (Law Commission of Canada 1999).The chapter focuses on three aspects of this analysis: Ideas about access to justice in Canada have been significantly influenced by the work of the Florence Access-to-Justice Project, a comparative assessment of initiatives worldwide, which has contributed to more broadly-based conceptions of access to justice (Cappelletti and Garth 1978; Cappelletti and Weisner 19; and Cappelletti and Garth 1979).According to Cappelletti and Garth, there were three "waves" of access to justice reforms: the "first wave" of the movement involved provisions for legal aid; the "second wave" was a group of substantive and procedural reforms which enabled legal representation for more "diffuse" interests including environmental and consumer protection.This chapter provides an overview of some aspects of the context and concepts for this re-thinking of access to justice.It focuses on the challenges identified in the literature about how to seek justice in Canada, rather than merely improving access to current legal processes: that is, how to promote justice rather than merely enable better access to the legal system.