Guide To Critical Thinking Footnote Paper Research Write
• Consider how your assumptions are shaping your point of view. • Strive to be fairminded in evaluating all points of view.© 2008 Foundation for Critical Thinking Press The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools 5) All reasoning is based on DATA, INFORMATION and EVIDENCE. Implications/ Consequences: If someone accepted my position, what would be the implications? Points of View: From what point of view am I looking at this issue? © 2008 Foundation for Critical Thinking Press The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools Three Levels of Thought Level 3: Highest Order Thinking t&YQMJDJUMZSFøFDUJWFt)JHIFTUTLJMMMFWFM t3PVUJOFVTFPGDSJUJDBMUIJOLJOHUPPMTJO analyzing and assessing thinking t$POTJTUFOUMZGBJS Level 2: Higher Order Thinking t4FMFDUJWFMZSFøFDUJWFt)JHITLJMMMFWFM t-BDLTDSJUJDBMUIJOLJOHWPDBCVMBSZ t*ODPOTJTUFOUMZGBJS NBZCF skilled in sophistry Level 1: Lower Order Thinking t6OSFøFDUJWFt-PXUPNJYFETLJMMMFWFM t'SFRVFOUMZSFMJFTPOHVUJOUVJUJPO t-BSHFMZTFMGTFSWJOH TFMGEFDFJWFE Lower order thinking is often distinguished from higher order thinking. If a statement is unclear, we cannot determine whether it is accurate or relevant.
A Definition: Critical thinking is the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it.
Critical thinking is that mode of thinking – about any subject, content, or problem — in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them. The Paul-Elder framework has three components: According to Paul and Elder (1997), there are two essential dimensions of thinking that students need to master in order to learn how to upgrade their thinking.
They need to be able to identify the "parts" of their thinking, and they need to be able to assess their use of these parts of thinking.
Yet the quality of our life and that of what we produce, make, or build depends precisely on the quality of our thought.
Shoddy thinking is costly, both in money and in quality of life.