Islam Essay Paper

They were ill-clad with torn dresses and were starving.

When Muhammad saw them, the color of his face changed.

In Islamic sharia, a worshiper devoid of morality is seen as someone who has failed to realize the true significance of worshiping.

In other words, the prayers which can not keep a person away from wrongdoings are seen worthless.

Muslim moralists have discussed the ethico-religious importance of having a good character as well as the ways of acquiring it.

Imam Birgivi, a 16th century Muslim scholar and moralist, says that 'To cure yourself of a bad feature of character is an obligation'.

According to Birgivi, changing of character depends on such things as 'a person's wish' and 'the strength of one's understanding', and the preservation of a good character requires the avoidance of the company of evil-charactered people who indulge into indecent activities, drunkenness, and meaningless gossip.Showing kindness to people and charity to the poor and the helpless are the most emphasized moral virtues in the Quran.In particular, helping people their time of need, forgiving others' offenses, respecting parents and elders, fulfilling promises, being kind to people and to animals, being patient in adversity, maintaining justice, being honest, and controlling one's anger appear as major virtues in the Islamic concept of morality.The Sunnah, which is the teachings, deeds and sayings, silent permissions (or disapprovals) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, as well as various reports about Muhammad's companions, also serves as an important source for Islamic moral teachings.Besides these, the works of Islamic scholars and philosophers, and the moral examples set by important Islamic personalities (such as the four rightly guided caliphs) are other sources for Islamic ethical and moral guidance.Similarly, caring for one's kinsmen and neighbors has also been emphasized.The Quran says that the righteous are those people who fulfill their promises, and feed the needy, the orphans and the captive for the love of God (76:5-8).At another place, it says "Those who (in charity) spend their goods by night and by day, in secret and in public have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve" (4).In a long hadith collected in Sahih Muslim, Jarir narrates that once they were with Muhammad when some poor people came.Muhammad is reported as saying that a real poor person is he who will appear on the Day of Judgment with a lot of rewards earned by his prayers, fasting, zakat; but in his life he had also abused someone, had falsely accused someone, had illegally taken another's property, had murdered somebody; so all his virtues will be distributed to the victims, and he will be thrown to hell (Sahih Muslim, 51).Islamic tradition holds that moral qualities and good actions elevate the status of a man.

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