Lance Research Writing Services Examples Of Research Paper Topics

In fact, they have often found that the benefits associated with good library programs are strongest for the most vulnerable and at-risk learners, including students of color, low-income students, and students with disabilities.

The 4th-grade NAEP reading data supported the Pennsylvania findings.Skeptics might assume that these benefits are associated mainly with wealthier schools, where well-resourced libraries serve affluent students.However, researchers have been careful to control for school and community socioeconomic factors, and they have found that these correlations cannot be explained away by student demographics, school funding levels, teacher-pupil ratios, or teacher qualifications.In states that gained librarians between 2004--09, average reading scores for poor students, Black students, and Latino students improved more than in states that lost librarians.In states that lost librarians, English language learners’ scores dropped by almost 3% (Lance & Hofschire, 2011b).Schools with full-time librarians also had fewer Below Basic scores than those without librarians.Reading and writing scores tend to be higher for all students who have a full-time certified librarian, and when it comes to reading, students in at-risk subgroups tend to benefit more than all students combined.In the Pennsylvania study, among others, when administrators, teachers, and librarians agreed that librarians did an “excellent” job teaching to state reading and writing standards, students in their schools were more likely to excel and less likely to score poorly on corresponding tests (Lance & Schwarz, 2012).State studies (summarized in Kachel, 2013) also indicate students tend to thrive academically where library programs provide ready access to free and subscription-based online resources alongside more traditional collections of books, periodicals, and audiovisual resources.In addition, better test scores have been associated with: School administrators are trained to understand and support teachers and instruction.However, research suggests that universities seldom prepare administrators to leverage their school library programs to enhance student achievement (Kachel, 2006; Wilson & Mac Neil, 1998).

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  1. Calculate the density in g/m L of 30 m L of solution that weighs 120 grams. Calculate the density in g/m L of 0.4 L of solution weighing 150 grams. Calculate the density in g/m L of 3000 m L of solution weighing 6 kg.