Language Essay

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An Essay Towards a Real Character, and a Philosophical Language (London, 1668) is the best-remembered of the numerous works of John Wilkins, in which he expounds a new universal language, meant primarily to facilitate international communication among scholars, but envisioned for use by diplomats, travelers, and merchants as well.

Unlike many universal language schemes of the period, it was meant merely as an auxiliary to—not a replacement of—existing natural languages.

A scheme for a lingua franca based on numerical values had been published by John Pell (1630); and in his 1640 work Mercury or the Secret Messenger (1640) Wilkins had mentioned the possibility of developing a trade language.

Seth Ward was author with Wilkins of Vindiciae academiarum (1654), a defence of the Commonwealth period of the Oxbridge university system against outsider reformers.

Language Essay-16Language Essay-20

Z always indicates an animal—but this does not always hold.) The resulting Character, and its vocalization, for a given concept thus captures, to some extent, the concept's semantics.The third deals with "philosophical grammar" (universal grammar). Wilkin's "Real Character" is a constructed family of symbols, corresponding to a classification scheme developed by Wilkins and his colleagues.It was intended as a pasigraphy, in other words, to provide elementary building blocks from which could be constructed the universe's every possible thing and notion. it is not a written representation of spoken language. Words are symbols of reality and they are used to symbolize concepts and manipulate knowledge concerning reality. Acquisition of language begins with the initial cries, grunts, grons, and gasps of the neonate. All these are transformed in to the use of single words, two words and then to three words sentences and finally into well formed sentences.Bruner (1964) has referred to language as a Cultural technique upon which the phylogenetic and Ontogentic development of human intelligence depends.Besides Communicating one’s own feeling and experience with another person other aims of language are to learn to gain knowledge, to fulfill various needs and above all to relationship with others.Please note that the work has not been edited in any way, but has been saved exactly as submitted.All work displayed on these pages passed at MA level.Instead, each symbol represents a concept directly, without (at least in the early parts of the Essay's presentation) there being any way of vocalizing it.Inspiration for this approach came in part from contemporary European accounts of the Chinese writing system, which were somewhat mistaken.

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