Lung Cancer Research Paper
“It’s a common misconception that it’s only a disease of individuals who smoke,” said Goulart, a Hutch health economist with the Hutchinson Institute for Cancer Outcomes Research and lung cancer oncologist with Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Fred Hutch’s clinical care partner.“Many patients and even many physicians don’t even think about it when there’s no smoking history, even when there are obvious symptoms like weight loss or coughing up blood.” The late neurosurgeon Paul Kalanithi, author of “When Breath Becomes Air,” had symptoms for months before he went on to be diagnosed with metastatic lung cancer, Goulart said. “Worldwide, 25 percent of lung cancer patients never smoked,” said Seattle stage 4 lung cancer patient Janet Freeman-Daily.Some people feel shame and guilt about smoking so they don't go to a doctor when they first notice symptoms.Other times, symptoms may not appear until the disease is advanced. Most of us know that mammograms screen for breast cancer and colonoscopies can find precancerous polyps and early colorectal cancers.
People with mental health issues are particularly susceptible.By harnessing the innate powers of the body's immune system, immunotherapy treatments have the potential to achieve complete, long-lasting remissions and cures for all types of cancer.Immunotherapy is already saving lives, and while responses vary from patient to patient, with further research, we can bring more effective treatments to more cancer patients.High levels of pollution, radiation and asbestos exposure may also increase risk.Common symptoms of lung cancer include Doctors diagnose lung cancer using a physical exam, imaging, and lab tests.Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world.It is a leading cause of cancer death in men and women in the United States. The more cigarettes you smoke per day and the earlier you started smoking, the greater your risk of lung cancer.According to the American Cancer Society, about 20 percent of Americans who die of lung cancer (30,000 people) have never smoked or used any kind of tobacco.Radon gas, the leading cause of the disease in nonsmokers, accounts for about 21,000 lung cancer deaths each year. Asbestos, diesel exhaust, soot, previous radiation therapy and air pollution can also drive the disease, as can certain genetic mutations.We tapped a handful of lung cancer patients and Dr.Bernardo Goulart, a physician-scientist with Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, for insights into what the public — and sometimes even doctors — are getting wrong about a disease projected to kill nearly 155,000 Americans this year alone. Yes, most lung cancers can be linked to smoking, but it’s hardly the sole cause of the disease.