Macbeth Relationship Lady Macbeth Essays
With an unpredictable swing up or down, one could equally easily crash to the base of the wheel. In a fatalistic universe, the length and outcome of one's life (destiny) is predetermined by external forces. The play makes an important distinction: Fate may dictate what will be, but how that destiny comes about is a matter of chance (and, in a Christian world such as Macbeth's) of man's or free will.
Although Macbeth is told he will become king, he is not told how to achieve the position of king: that much is up to him.
This theme of the relationship between gender and power is key to Lady Macbeth’s character: her husband implies that she is a masculine soul inhabiting a female body, which seems to link masculinity to ambition and violence.
Shakespeare, however, seems to use her, and the witches, to undercut Macbeth’s idea that “undaunted mettle should compose / Nothing but males” (1.7.73–74).
Christian drama, on the other hand, always offers a ray of hope; hence, exhibits elements that reflect the greatest Christian tragedy of all: the Fall of Man.
In the Genesis story, it is the weakness of Adam, persuaded by his wife (who has in turn been seduced by the devil) which leads him to the proud assumption that he can "play God." But both stories offer room for hope: Christ will come to save mankind precisely because mankind has made the wrong choice through his own free will.
Once the sense of guilt comes home to roost, Lady Macbeth’s sensitivity becomes a weakness, and she is unable to cope.
Women, the play implies, can be as ambitious and cruel as men, yet social constraints deny them the means to pursue these ambitions on their own.Gender Roles Lady Macbeth is the focus of much of the exploration of gender roles in the play.As Lady Macbeth propels her husband toward committing Duncan's murder, she indicates that she must take on masculine characteristics.Lady Macbeth manipulates her husband with remarkable effectiveness, overriding all his objections; when he hesitates to murder, she repeatedly questions his manhood until he feels that he must commit murder to prove himself.Lady Macbeth’s remarkable strength of will persists through the murder of the king—it is she who steadies her husband’s nerves immediately after the crime has been perpetrated.Her most famous speech — located in Act I, Scene 5 — addresses this issue. This disruption of gender roles is also presented through Lady Macbeth's usurpation of the dominate role in the Macbeth's marriage; on many occasions, she rules her husband and dictates his actions.Reason Versus Passion During their debates over which course of action to take, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth use different persuasive strategies.The medieval and renaissance view of the world saw a relationship between order on earth, the so-called microcosm, and order on the larger scale of the universe, or macrocosm.Thus, when Lennox and the Old Man talk of the terrifying alteration in the natural order of the universe (nature), these are all reflections of the breakage of the natural order that Macbeth has brought about in his own microcosmic world (society).Many critics see the parallel between Duncan's death and disorder in nature as an affirmation of the divine right theory of kingship.As we witness in the play, Macbeth's murder of Duncan and his continued tyranny extends the disorder of the entire country.