Mind Body Connection Research Paper
Keep in mind, too, that body postures have a cultural element, as was illustrated by a 2013 study in the that included Americans and East Asians.Though some expansive positions (like hands-spread-on-desk pose) increased feelings of power in both groups, the “feet-on-desk” power pose did not have this effect in East Asians because their cultural norms value modesty, restraint and humility.Most people are aware of the mind-body connection—how your mental processes can affect your physical state. For example, if you wrinkle your nose, an odor may smell more unpleasant. When you think of something happy, you are likely to smile. Accumulating research is revealing that body position, postures, gestures and facial expressions can indeed influence how you think, feel and even behave.Neuronal cytokines play important roles in the death and survival of neurons, although the precise mechanisms of those roles are still being investigated.Overexpression of cytokines has been found in the brains of patients with AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, vascular diseases, infectious illnesses, and nerve trauma.Evidence of communication between the central nervous system (CNS) and the immune system at the molecular level is gaining acceptance in the research community, as work with animal models continues to explore how these pathways function.
And even if you achieve the effect, it may not persist over time.People who assumed expansive yoga poses (standing with legs apart and arms raised) had higher tolerance to discomfort and pain than those in submissive (kneeling) or neutral poses (standing with hands at sides).The researchers concluded that even if you don’t have control over your circumstances, you can behave as if you did by assuming a dominant pose, which, in turn, may decrease sensitivity to pain.Much of the research on the body-mind connection (called embodied cognition by researchers) has focused on various expansive (or “power”) poses, which involve open positions, with arms and elbows away from the body and chin raised—as opposed to closed postures where the legs or arms are crossed, the head is down and the body slumped or slouched over.For example, in a small study published in the journal in 2010, people who sat or stood in expansive poses for just one minute not only felt more powerful and in charge, they also had an increase in testosterone and a decrease in the stress hormone cortisol.Despite the widely differing nature of these disorders, there is evidence that, in each case, neurodegeneration could be due to the toxic effects of cytokines released from inflammatory cells. Sparked by antigens or inflammatory stimuli, they can activate neuronal pathways that regulate the immune system.And they can stimulate such characteristic stress responses as anxiety or the lethargy of "sickness behavior" that is associated with illness.“By simply changing physical posture, an individual prepares his or her mental and physiological systems to endure difficult and stressful situations,” the paper concluded.In another study that year in the same journal, people who assumed open body positions (the ankle of one leg resting on the thigh of the other leg, and an arm resting on the back of a chair) were more likely to take action (pick a card) during a blackjack game and reported a higher sense of power than those in constricted positions (legs together, shoulders dropped, hands under thighs)."I think there's always been a split between clinical medicine or the art of medicine, which doesn't necessarily require knowing how a system works, and the science of medicine, which does require knowing how it works," adds Sternberg."But understanding more about one or the other side shouldn't be mutually exclusive.