Minority Rights Essay

Students will be introduced to the issues of the definition of ethnic affiliation, of the problems of data management concerning ethnic minorities, of the task of persecuting effectively hate speach and hate crimes, and of the dilemmas related to positive discrimination.Written by James Madison, this essay defended the form of republican government proposed by the Constitution. He countered that it was exactly the great number of factions and diversity that would avoid tyranny.These can either be rights that are granted to the group as a unit (collective rights) or to individuals insofar as they are members of the group (group-differentiated rights).

Children may also suffer as they may be taught in a language with which they are unfamiliar.He will not fail, therefore, to set a due value on any plan which, without violating the principles to which he is attached, provides a proper cure for it.The instability, injustice, and confusion introduced into the public councils, have, in truth, been the mortal diseases under which popular governments have everywhere perished; as they continue to be the favorite and fruitful topics from which the adversaries to liberty derive their most specious declamations.Advocates of minority rights claim that justice requires differential treatment for disadvantaged groups, be it in the form of affirmative action, exemptions from legal requirements, public support for cultural practices, or some form of political autonomy.Theories of minority rights can be roughly divided into those that work within the liberal tradition, seeking to show that the liberal commitment to equality and liberty requires the recognition of minority rights, and those that frame their defense of minority rights as part of an objection to liberalism.For minority groups the opportunity to use one’s own language can be of crucial importance, since it protects individual and collective identity and culture as well as participation in public life.Although Article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ensures that linguistic minorities can use their own languages in their community, problems often exist at national level.In the first part of the course students get aquainted with the 30 articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, analysing from a social scientific point of view those rights that concern the most our program, like such as the right to life, liberty and security, to freedom of opinion and expression, to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, to the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to freedom of movement, and to seek and to enjoy asylum from persecution.After the general overview of human rights students learn about the historical development of minority rights, the most important theoretical debates as well as about those minority protection mechanisms that operate under the auspices of the UN and the European Council.This can create a distinction between groups that do have their languages recognised – who are often ‘majority’ groups – and those that do not.This is exactly what anti-discrimination measures aim to prevent.

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  1. You will find specific instructions for submission on the relevant KEATS page of the module for which you are submitting work. It is important that you do not leave your submission to the last minute, so that you have plenty of time to ensure your submission is successful and correct.