Parthenon Essay Thesis
The Acropolis as it is called means in Greek, “the highest point of the town.” Many ancient cities were built on principles of height as a fortress for protection; however, the Acropolis has special meaning as a sacred place for an emerging Greek dynasty.The great limestone rock measures from the basin to 70 meters and levels out at the top at 300 meters long and 150 meters wide.Relics of offerings made to the Goddess Athena in marble, korai, bronze and clay date back to the Archaic period around 650-480 B. The Parthenon: The Parthenon was built on the site of other cultures that came before them. The purpose of the Parthenon was to cement the temples of earlier cultures as well as experience and praise the Greek goddess Athena.The name Parthenon refers to the worship of the goddess who is the patroness of the city of Athens.She is seen as a symbol to the human aspect of wisdom.Two architects, Ictinus and Callicrates, supervised by the sculptor, Phidias, built the Parthenon.Athens most significant and prosperous time in history was the 5th century BC under the reign of Pericles.
When new it was constructed of white marble, 46 columns, and tile roofing.
This research will begin with the statement that in comparing the Greek and Roman cultures one must first study a brief history of the cultures surrounding the cities in which these magnificent buildings were first built.
Athens began as a great limestone rock, a holy or sacred place rising to the Attica plateau.
A part from being places of worship the two temples share other common characteristics.
However, they also have a number of differences in terms of function, themes and ideology. What was the Architecturally Innovative about the Pantheon in Rome?