Preservation Of Wildlife In Essay Nuclear Power Plant Research Paper
The natural habitats of animals and plants are being destroyed for land development and farming by humans.Poaching and hunting of animals for fur, jewellery, meat and leather are other great factors contributing to wildlife extinction.Besides cells and tissues, gene banks also store plant seeds, sperms, eggs and embryos of numerous mammal species.Storing reproductive organs, such as ovaries and testes is also getting common with the advancement in science and technology.Many micro-organisms, bacteria, slime moulds, fungi and earthworms feed on plant and animal wastes, decomposing them and releasing their chemicals back into the soil, thus, replenishing it with nutrients which in turn, are taken up by roots of plants enabling them to grow and develop. These scavengers help remove the carcasses and dead bodies of animals thereby, keeping the environment clean.Just imagine a life surrounded with layers of dead bodies lying near us un-decayed and unrotten.These gene banks are a store house of cells and tissues of scores of wildlife species that play an important role in agriculture and farming.With these cells and tissues, not only the original plant varieties and animal breeds be re-generated in times of wildlife epidemics, climate changes or any such natural calamities resulting in reduction or extinction of these species but, also new varieties and breeds with improved genetic traits be generated thus, increasing a chromosomal diversity within species.
Are you aware that wildlife plays a significant role in growth of these crops? The fruits and vegetables that we get from plants are a result of a process called pollination, a reproduction system in plants wherein the pollen grains from male flower is transferred to the female flower, resulting in production of seeds.Each organism on this earth has a unique place in food chain that helps contribute to the ecosystem in its own special way.But, sadly today, many of the animals and birds are getting endangered.Photo: https://bit.ly/2WMly Tb It’s not only the plants which are useful, many of the extracts from animal species are rich in nutrients and anti-oxidants.For instance, the oil from lever of Cod fish is rich in Omega 3 and Omega 6 anti-oxidants that helps fight ageing, chemicals derived from shrimps and lobsters are used in treating fungal infections, venom of Cobra is used as a cure for leprosy and the list does not end here.Similarly, if a specie gets increased in number, again it can have an adverse effect on the ecological balance.Consider another simple case of carnivores which is getting reduced every day due to human poaching and hunting.The reduction of these carnivores is leading to increase in the number of herbivores who are dependent on forest vegetation for their survival.It would not be long, when the number of herbivores in forests would soar to such a great extent that they would move to agricultural lands and villages for their food needs.Thanks to these species who are helping us to live in a clean and healthy environment.Photo: https://bit.ly/2LB7Hxz Scientists and researchers are aggressively working these days to preserve plants and animals through ‘Gene Banks’.