Psychology Nature Vs Nurture Essay
The controversy over what determines who we are, whether it is Nature (heredity, our biological make up) or Nurture (our environment) is taking a new shape.
Through the past decades, psychologists have developed different theories to explain the characteristics of human-beings; how we feel, think and behave.
“Through new genetic studies, clinical observation, and research on identical twins and adopted children, we are becoming increasingly aware that many of the human characteristics previously taken for granted as products of childhood rearing and environment are rooted in the genetic matrix.”, (Neubrauer, Peter.
p 38) Studies of identical twins reared apart have provided researchers with a lot of clues about the role of heredity in everyday life behavior.
Boston globe.) These examples reveal the genetic role in our development.
They also expose our predisposition to certain traits and behaviors.
It is also a fact that this mental disease is triggered by environmental factors including family factors and external stress.
Paul Grobstein, in his article”Genes, Environments, and Individual Choice” explains that “In human development and behavior, as in the development and behavior of all other living organisms, the genome and the environment instead productively interact with one another, both contributing unique and valuable information to the emergence of distinctive individuals” It is also noteworthy to mention that no two individuals are the same.
Here, nurture represents our surrounding: parents, class-mates, colleagues, our value system and our society as a whole.People in this camp argue that man is a product of his environment.Some extremists went as far as saying: give us any new born infant and we will shape him/her just the way we want, by placing him/her in the desired environment.She insisted on every little thing returned to its proper place,… I’m reacting to my mother, who was an absolute slob.”, (Neubrauer, Peter P 21) In this example, we see a natural preference based on heredity.Both twins blamed their mothers for their behaviors, while none of the mothers required such neatness.When asked about the reason they felt to be so clean, the first one replied ” My mother.When I was growing up she always kept the house perfectly ordered. ” When his twin brother was asked the same question he answered “The reason is quite simple.Nature represents what we are born with and cannot control.Our biological make up is determined by the genes we receive from our parents (reside in the 23 pairs of chromosomes, 23 from each parent.) “A gene is a segment of DNA or a sequence of nucleotides in DNA that codes for a functional product,” (Tortora, Microbiology. 575.) These genes not only affect our outlook, but also play a significant role in determining our behavior and our well-being.The new school emerging to help bring the nature nurture argument to rest professes that there is no war between nature and nurture.Indeed, such war would be absurd because it is the interaction of nature and nurture that defines our behavior and well-being. “, cannot be answered by: THE DEVIL MADE ME DO IT, or better yet, MY GENES MADE ME DO IT.