Research Paper On Air Pollution Control
The worldwide increase in the burning of coal and oil since the late 1940s has led to increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide.The resulting greenhouse effect has reduced the escape of infrared radiation from the earth, causing a possible global warming trend.Over the 40 year period, UK attributable mortality due to exposure to PM Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence.Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. It is estimated to account for about 4.2 million deaths and to rank 5th worldwide among all risk factors (HEI 2017).In most industrialised countries, concentrations of air pollutants substantially increased in the first half of the 20th century because of the rise of fossil fuel combustion to satisfy the fast-growing needs for energy and mobility.This was in particular the case for sulphur dioxide (SOm) and non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs).
In many cases, complex steps towards data integration are required, as exemplified by the Global Burden of Disease study (Shaddick 2018).
Consequently, there has been a decline in the concentrations of these air pollutants in most high-income countries.
However, for some pollutants the situation is more complex.
Long-term trends of air pollution and its effects on human and ecosystem health are usually assessed through analysis of time series of measurements collected through regulatory monitoring networks.
However, robust and reliable monitoring data have only been available since the 1970s for some air pollutants, and as late as the 1990s for others.