Russia And World War 1 Essay
Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary.He was assassinated on 28 June 1914 by terrorists from one of Austria-Hungary's rival powers, Serbia.
The alliance system did not mean that a European war had to happen.This in turn allowed one crisis to spiral out of control and spark off a war that killed millions.The war was fought between rival alliances of European powers: The advantage of these alliances was that it gave the great powers a sense of security.Unfortunately for the Russians, neither their government nor military were able to cope with the pressures of a modern war; moreover they lost both battles the one against their enemy and the one against themselves. The causes of this war have been debated by politicians and historians ever since.One of the few things that historians have been able to agree about is that the war was the result of many different complex factors working together.These factors meant that the situation in Europe in 1914 was very tense.Some say that it could still have been avoided - especially if Britain could have made Germany hold back from helping Austria-Hungary.Germany decided to help Austria-Hungary and declared war on Russia (1 August) and France (3 August).Before this time the Romanov family had successfully run the country for three hundred years, however they had not moved it forward in terms of economical development. Middle Lenin's plans were formulated in three words; 'Peace, Land and Bread'. In addition to the revolutions and riots there were strikes, protests and shortages, that which was most memorable was in Petrograd, October 1916, where rail workers went on strike and the army were sent to settle them down, but instead the soldiers joined in.This shows the attitudes of a multitude of people towards the ever diminishing government.