Santiago Calatrava Dissertation

56 Figure 3.12 Macellum Magnum on the reverse of Nero? 60 Figure 3.13 Santiago Calatrava, Quadracci Pavilion, Milwaukee Art Museum, 2001 ... ric, interior ................................................................................... 78 Figure 3.25 Salle Valentino aquatic circus, Paris, 1886 .................................................. 64 Figure 3.14 Santiago Calatrava, the skylight over the cantonal emergency call center, Sankt Gallen ............................................................................... 79 Figure 3.26 Jean Nouvel, Institut du monde arabe, Paris, 1987 ...................................... 55 Figure 3.10 Santiago Calatrava, folding doors at the Ernsting Warehouse, 1985 ........... ric, doorways ............................................................................... 75 Figure 3.23 Left: Observatory, Department of Advanced Geodesy, Czech Technical University, Prague; Right: Observatory, Physikalischer Verein, Frankfurt ................................. 55 Figure 3.11 Santiago Calatrava, entrance to the conference room at the Abbey of Sankt Gallen ............................................................................................. 77 xi Figure 3.24 The European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT), Cerro Armazones, Chile ............................................................................................................. Therefore understanding the cognitive barriers of design tools iii and negotiating the social expectations are essential when advancing new technologies for architecture. iv Preface Parts of this dissertation have appeared in previously published work, as summarized below. Parts of Chapter 4 are based on the material accepted for publication in: Wierzbicki, M. 51 Figure 3.8 Left: Door socket, Archaic Temple at Hierakonpolis, Egypt, 3000-2675 BC; Right: Door socket, Ur temple, Mesopotamia, 2150-2050 BC .................... ric, foldable side panels ............................................................... 71 Figure 3.21 Tycho Brahe, Stjerneborg, circa 1581 .......................................................... 53 Figure 3.9 Rolling door, Derinkuyu, circa 8th century BC ............................................ 74 Figure 3.22 Left: The remains of Stjerneborg in 1901; Right: Reconstructed Stjerneborg in 1958 ................................................... It establishes that although architecture is usually considered as a solid and invariable static form, it never has been a static shell merely delimiting discrete spaces. 132 5.5.4 Algorithm ....................................................................................... 134 5.5.5 Implementation ............................................................................... 135 5.5.6 Fuzzy Inference System ................................................................. 139 5.5.7 Results ............................................................................................ 142 5.6 Education .............................................................................................. 146 CHAPTER 6 Examples and Practical Applications ................................................... ix List of Figures Figure 2.1 The Antikythera mechanism, 1st century BC, The National Archaeological Museum in Athens .............................................................. 22 Figure 2.5 Marcel Duchamp, Rotary Glass Plates, 1920, the Yale University Art Gallery, gift of Collection Soci? 28 Figure 2.11 Richard Wilson, Turning the Place Over, Liverpool, 2008 .........................

This thesis builds upon the current theories asserting the importance of human behavior and intentionality for understanding built environments, thus considering the complexity of both the technical and cultural circumstances. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality CONVR 2011, Weimar, Germany, 141-150. 127 5.5.1 Intent-Driven Design ...................................................................... 127 5.5.2 Design Objective ............................................................................ 130 5.5.3 Method for Solving Kinematics ..................................................... 21 Figure 2.4 Von Kempelen, the Mechanical Turk, 1770 ................................................ 27 Figure 2.10 Dan Grayber, Cavity Mechanism #2 with Glass Dome, Formalities exhibition, the Johansson Projects Gallery, 2003 .....................

82 Figure 5.1 Catenary model for Familia Sagrada ............................................................ Eighteenth-Century Scientific Instruments and Their Makers.

99 Figure 5.2 Chronology of computing technologies .....................................................

In response, the present thesis investigates the evolving, influenced by digital technologies, paradigms of public spaces, and human reasoning-driven design tools, while incorporating such human-centric considerations as social dynamics, history, and culture into the engineering and architectural design methods for built environments. In Proceedings of the Northeast Regional Conference 2006: Imag(in)ing Worlds to Come. 50 Figure 3.7 Left: The Robenhausen door, circa 4000 BC; Center: The Z?

It is concluded that architecture, its design and construction are primarily a social endeavor. Laval, Quebec: Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture. Parts of Chapter 5 are based on the material published in: Wierzbicki, M. rich door, 3063 BC; Right: The Khonsuhotep door, circa 1285 BC .............................................

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