The Held Essays On Visual Art Great Cover Letters Change
He left the Old World, Germany, for the New, at the age of 50.
In 1948, when the retrospective exhibition was held at the Addison Gallery of American Art, Hofmann was 68; he had been in the United States for 18 years, a citizen for seven years.
His parents were middle-class Jewish immigrants, and he was the eldest of their three sons.
Since childhood, Greenberg sketched compulsively, until becoming a young adult, when he began to focus on literature. After college, already as fluent in Yiddish as English since childhood, Greenberg taught himself Italian and German in addition to French and Latin.
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"The Search for the Real in the Visual Arts," "Sculpture," and "Painting and Culture" were all printed in full.
The section "Excerpts from the Teaching of Hans Hofmann" was composed of selections from his essays "On the Aims of Art" and "Plastic Creation." The last brief section, "Terms," was gleaned from the other essays, lectures, diagrams, notes, and cryptic memoranda written to himself, headed by one of Hoffman's diagrams.
He was a dynamic teacher; the wide range of his influence is to be seen in the list of artists comprising an exhibition "Hans Hofmann and His Students," circulated in America and abroad during the three years before his death in 1966.Subsequently, he was to have 33 one-man shows and to be in over 60 group exhibitions, including the 1960 Venice Biennale, in which he was one of the four artists chosen to represent America.The catalogue of the 1948 retrospective at the Addison Gallery incorporated Hofmann's writings, all originally written in German, some pieces translated fluently, others awkwardly paraphrasing the original.Greenberg appropriated the German word "kitsch" to describe this low, concocted form of "culture", though its connotations have since been recast to a more affirmative acceptance of nostalgic materials of capitalist/communist culture.Greenberg wrote several seminal essays that defined his views on art history in the 20th century.Greenberg attended Erasmus Hall High School, the Marquand School for Boys, then Syracuse University, graduating with an A. During the next few years, Greenberg travelled the U. working for his father's dry-goods business, but the work did not suit his inclinations, so he turned to working as a translator.Greenberg married in 1934, had a son the next year, and was divorced the year after that.It was a further distillation of his own definitions in the nature of a vocabulary.In the last 18 years of his life, recognition was his, nationally and internationally, in proportion to the originality and depth of his thinking, his versatility and comprehensiveness, his productivity and vigor.Kitsch is the epitome of all that is spurious in the life of our times.Kitsch pretends to demand nothing of its customers except their money – not even their time." For Greenberg, avant garde art was too "innocent" to be effectively used as propaganda or bent to a cause, while kitsch was ideal for stirring up false sentiment.