Thesis On Routing In Wireless Sensor Networks

Further, they are analyzed along with the suggested improvements for the researchers.

At the end, we presented our previously published research work as an example and case study of discussed factors.

This insight comprehension then makes the ways easy for them in designing such types of algorithms as well as evaluating the authenticity and extending the existing algorithms of this category, since algebraic and graphical modelling of these factors is also demonstrated.

Various available techniques used by existing routing algorithms to handle these factors in making themselves energy aware are also given.

This distributed computing paradigm is also enforced with various states of nodes as a sensor, router, or a gateway.

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A typical WSN application at the border is shown in Figure 1.The maximum data rate for signal transmission is 250 Kbps but it depends upon the choice of configuration and the radio. The Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) secures the data transmission.The positioning information technique like GPS-free localization [2], relative localization [3], or absolute localization [4] is used by the nodes to know about the transient nodes for communicating its data to far distant nodes or base station.The network nodes establish communication links with each other nodes in their footprint through the omnidirectional full duplex antenna.This cooperative interaction among the network nodes covers the whole network that gives birth to the self-synchronization, self-organizing, and self-adaptive capabilities of wireless sensor network.It continued to explore this technology by funding some prominent research projects, for example, Smart Dust [8] and Network Embedded System Technology [9].Some other important real-world applications/projects of WSN [10] are Wave Monitoring [11], Ocean Water Monitoring [12], Zebra Net [13], Cattle Herding [14], and neu RFon [15].The required environmental physical quantity is sensed by the source node(s) and is disseminated through the network up-to-the data fusion centre or base station.The information so obtained can be used in Ethernet-based networks as well as worldwide by connecting the sink to the IP-based network [5].A rich list of references is also cited for interested readers to explore the related given points.A typical node is made up of a mote and a sensor board along with battery and a memory device.

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