Thomas Malthus An Essay On Population
The "friend[s] of the present order of things" prophesy that political change will bring about the ruin of humanity.
"Speculative philosophers" such as William Godwin, meanwhile, look forward to an era of future bliss and perfection.
A leading author of this anti-revolutionary faction was Edmund Burke (1729–97), an Irish-born statesman who lamented the recent events in after a group of French revolutionaries, felt differently.
They saw the French Revolution as a freeing from the tyrannies of monarchy and institutionalized religion and hoped the United Kingdom would follow suit, if perhaps less violently.
Conservatives, whom Malthus here describes as the "friend[s]" of the status quo, deplored the French Revolution as a gory affair that left France worse off than it was before.In 1824, he was elected as one of the 10 royal associates of the Royal Society of Literature.Malthus was also one of the co-founders of the Statistical Society of London in 1834.Godwin, whose political ideas Malthus criticizes at length in the , 1794) and in nonfiction works.Embracing the French Revolutionary credo of "liberty, equality, fraternity [i.e., brotherhood]," he set out a vision of the future in which such values would be commonplace.He argued that increases in population would eventually diminish the ability of the world to feed itself and based this conclusion on the thesis that populations expand in such a way as to overtake the development of sufficient land for crops.Associated with Darwin, whose theory of natural selection was influenced by Malthus' analysis of population growth, Malthus was often misinterpreted, but his views became popular again in the 20th century with the advent of Keynesian economics. Thomas Robert Malthus was born near Guildford, Surrey in February 1766.His father was prosperous but unconventional and educated his son at home.Because of this "great restrictive law," he contends, "a large portion of mankind" will always be poor and hungry.Change was in the air when Malthus began writing his .